by Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) in Ibadan .
Written in English
Includes bibliographical references (p. 57-58).
|Series||NISER monograph series ;, no. 2, 1992, N.I.S.E.R. monograph series ;, 1992, no. 2.|
|LC Classifications||HD9161.N572 O37 1992|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||58 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||58|
|LC Control Number||94163530|
Tanzania’s industrial sector has evolved through various stages since independence in , from nascent and undiversified to state-led import substitution industrialization, and subsequently to de-industrialization under the structural adjustment programmes and policy reforms. The current development agenda, however, has brought industrial development back to be one of the policy . Tanzania’s industrial sector has evolved through various stages since independence in , from nascent and undiversified to state-led import substitution industrialization, and subsequently to deindustrialization under structural adjustment programmes and policy reforms. The current development agenda, however, has brought industrial development back to be one of the policy . A common policy required in structural adjustment is the privatization of state-owned industries and resources. Ostensibly, this policy aims to increase efficiency and investment, and decrease state spending. State-owned resources are to be sold whether they generate a fiscal profit or not. Critics have condemned privatization requirements. The Beginning: Obtaining a Structural Adjustment Loan The structural adjustment program is essentially a conditional loan. The country in need (the borrower) approaches the IMF and World Bank (the lenders) for a loan. The lender services the loan based on the assumption that certain fiscal policies will take place within the borrow-country.
investigations is limited. This study tries to investigate the question of if Structural Adjustment Programs are the right means of fighting poverty. 2 Structural Adjustment Structural Adjustment Programs are programs which make it possible for countries to get a loan from the IMF or the World Bank. Tanzanian economy and Structural Adjustment Programs(SAPs) can be traced from when Tanzania got independence in 9th December when it was under the reins of late Mwl, J K Nyerere By this time Tanzania was under socialist economy, under socialist leadership from to enjoyed a peaceful socioeconomic environment however Tanzania is. The economy of Kenya is a market-based economy with a liberalised external trade system and a few state enterprises. Major industries include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, manufacturing, energy, tourism and financial services. As of , Kenya had the third largest economy in Sub-Saharan Africa, coming behind Nigeria and South Africa. Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) are an important feature of contemporary development, yet they are often evaluated in the terms set out by lenders themselves, ignoring the wider implications of SAPs. Structural Adjustment attempts to situate SAPs in a wider development context featuring case material from the UK, USA, Ghana, Mexico, India, Jamaica, Turkey, Eastern Europe, Mali.
Predominantly rural, and with limited natural resources, the economy of Senegal gains most of its foreign exchange from fish, phosphates, groundnuts, tourism, and one of the dominate parts of the economy, the agricultural sector of Senegal is highly vulnerable to environmental conditions, such as variations in rainfall and climate change, and changes in world commodity prices. Structural adjustment programmes have further complicated national programmes and institutions, making delivery of limited government services all the more challenging. These problems have reduced the public-sector capacity to deliver, and the aquaculture sector has suffered. Few fish farming traditions. In addition to fishing effort reduction, the implementation of this policy has also helped to effectively maintain the social stability of coastal fishing areas, promote the structural adjustment of marine fisheries, and alleviate the pressure on fisheries resources imposed . The agricultural, forestry, and fishing sector accounts for most of the labour force of PNG. Agriculture currently accounts for 25% of GDP and supports more than 80% of the population. Most agriculture is subsistence, while cash crops are exported. The main crops by value are coffee, oil, cocoa, copra, tea, rubber, and sugar. The timber.